The best varieties of carrots for the Urals
Growing vegetables in the Urals in many gardeners raises questions, since the region’s climate does not favor vegetable growing. Especially often, concerns relate to carrots, which require certain growing conditions. Before sowing, it is wise to approach the selection of varieties, because not every one of them will grow in severe Ural conditions. About what varieties can be grown in the climate of the Urals, read further in the article.
Ural climate features
Ural is a region of the Russian Federation located between the East European Plain and East Siberia. At its core is the Ural mountain system. In general, the Urals have a mountainous climate, and on the flat parts it is rather continental. Much depends on the geographical part. In the south, the region borders on the steppes of Kazakhstan, so the conditions here are favorable. From the north, the Urals is washed by the polar seas, which indicates a harsh climate.
The best varieties of carrots for growing in the Urals
Vegetable cultivation should be approached based on the climatic characteristics of the region. Almost all carrot varieties zoned in Siberia are suitable for the Ural climate. The following are the best and most fruitful of them.
Important! The north the gardener lives, the more cold-resistant variety of carrots he should choose. If plants are not adapted to severe cold, crops can die.
The Bangor F1 hybrid was bred by originators from the Dutch company Bejo. Externally, this carrot is thin, cylindrical in shape, with a round end. The average length is 18 cm, the thickness is 1 cm. The weight of one root crop can range from 120 to 200 g. The ripening period is 110 days after planting. Hybrid productivity averages 6 kg per 1 m².
Victoria F1 is also a development of the Dutch breeders. Carrots grow up to 19–20 cm in length and an average of 5 cm in diameter, the tip is rounded. The color of the root is close to red. Harvest mainly the same size. The pulp is juicy with a small core. Tops usually grows intensively and grows greatly.
The hybrid ripens in 70–80 days. Important advantages of Victoria F1 are resistance to shooting and unpretentiousness to the soil. Carrots of this variety can be planted even in heavy substrates.
The Dragon variety was developed by American breeders 20 years ago. The vegetable looks exotic because of the purple peel. The flesh is orange in color, as in standard varieties.Fruits are cone-shaped, their diameter averages 23–25 cm, and their length is up to 3 cm. 85–90 days pass from the appearance of the first seedlings to the final ripening of the crop.
Did you know? Initially, carrots growing in vivo were purple. The orange color of the vegetable, familiar to modern people, was obtained thanks to Dutch specialists.
Carrot Color brought Transnistrian breeders. Fruits are cylindrical in shape, end blunt. The peel is orange, the flesh is close to red in color. The average weight of the root crop is 150 g. The ripening time is 85–90 days. From 1 m², farmers harvest about 4.5 kg of crop. The variety is stored for a long time and retains taste. Among the shortcomings, it is worth noting the average resistance to the onion fly, which is why prevention of the appearance of pests is necessary.
Nasten’s carrot grows up to 18 cm. The root crop is elongated cylindrical, smooth, smooth, with a round end. The average weight of a vegetable is 110–120 g. The taste is close to sweet, so baby food is often prepared from Nastena. The variety is resistant to flowering. Harvest ripens in 80 days. 3–6 kg of vegetables grow on 1 m².
Varieties of the largest carrots for the Urals
Some varieties that can be grown in the Ural region are characterized by large root crops. Therefore, if you want to grow large carrots, pay attention to the varieties below.
The root crops of the variety Amsterdam are of medium diameter, grow up to 17 cm in length. The shape is standard elongated, the tip is rounded. 1 root crop weighs an average of 150 g. The flesh is crispy, with a thin core, the taste of the vegetable is soft. The advantage of the variety is its resistance to waterlogging: heavy rains do not affect the quality of vegetables. Harvest fully ripens in 3 months. From 1 m² of planting, gardeners dig 6 kg of fruit.
Canada F1 is a Dutch hybrid. The fruits are bright orange, reaching a length of 15–18 cm. The shape is cylindrical, slightly narrowed to the lower end. The pulp is juicy, so the product is often used to prepare baby food. Ripening periods are average - from 130 to 135 days. 4-7 kg of crop grows on 1 m².
Yellow carrots attract gardeners primarily with an unusual color. The variety is represented by many varieties. Yellowstone carrots are great for Siberia. Root crops grow to 23 cm in length and have a conical shape. The average weight of 1 vegetable is 200 g.
Did you know? The heaviest carrots were grown in the USA in Alaska in 1988. Her weight was 8.61 kg.
The color of root vegetables is bright yellow, the flesh is characterized by a soft sweet aftertaste. Technical maturity occurs on the 120-140th day. From 1 m², up to 8.5 kg of crop leaves.
This is a Dutch hybrid developed by originators from Bejo. Root crops are large, an average length of 18 cm. The weight of the vegetable ranges from 150 to 250 g. The pulp is bright orange in color, sweet in taste. Nandrin F1 matures in 95-105 days. Productivity of a grade - 8–9 kg from 1 m².
The variety was bred by Russian breeders. Vegetables grow 14–18 cm long. The average weight of one fruit is 130 g. The pulp is soft, sweet, with a thin core. The color is standard carrot orange. Nantes-4 fully ripens in 80-100 days. 2.5-6.5 kg of carrots ripens per 1 m² of plantings.
Varieties of the sweetest carrots
Many varieties of vegetables are characterized by a sweet taste, but only part of them should be called really sweet. In the Urals, you can grow a whole list of such varieties.
Bolero F1 is a first-generation French hybrid zoned in the Central region of the Russian Federation. Root crops grow to a length of 15–20 cm. The average weight of 1 specimen is 150 g. The shape is cylindrical with a round tip, the peel and flesh are bright orange. Ripening dates are mid-early: mature vegetables can be harvested 110–120 days after the appearance of the first seedlings. The average yield is 9 kg per 1 m².
The name of the variety fully justifies its quality - carrots are sweet in taste and ideal for preparing baby food. Root crops grow on average up to 20 cm in length. The shape of the vegetable is cylindrical with a round end. The weight of the root crop ranges from 90 to 130 g. The ripening period is average. Harvest ripens within 120-130 days.
Carrots of the variety Emperor - cylindrical, grows up to 25-30 cm in length. The average root diameter is 5 cm, and the weight is 80–180 g. The flesh is orange, crispy. The taste is sweetish, with a pleasant aftertaste. Harvest ripens in 120-130 days. Productivity of a grade - 5–7 kg from 1 m².
Vegetables of this variety are cylindrical in shape, orange in color. The weight of 1 carrot is 90–160 g. The length of the root crop is 15–17 cm. Vegetables ripen in 120–130 days. Fruits are characterized by excellent keeping quality.
Hybrid Maestro F1 bred by Dutch originators. The fruits are smooth, cylindrical with an average diameter of 4 cm and a length of 20 cm. The weight of 1 specimen is 190–210 g. The color is bright orange. The ripening period of root crops is 120-130 days.
Features and rules of growing carrots in the Urals
The main feature of growing this crop in the Urals is the planting time. As in other regions, pre-winter and spring sowing of seeds is possible. If you plan to sow in the spring, the timing depending on the location may shift. Soil temperature should reach +5 ... + 6 ° С. In the north of the region, such conditions are possible only at the beginning of summer.
Important! Before planting, it is worth soaking carrot seeds for better growth. When sowing at the end of autumn, soaking should not be carried out, it is better to sow the material dry.
There are no special requirements for soil for beds with carrots. The main thing is that she be loose. In the fall, 1 month before the fall or six months before the spring planting, the soil is dug up and manure is added. During the entire growing season, plants need to be watered, fed and weeded. After each watering, the soil is loosened so that a crust does not form on its surface.The specific care data depends on the species planted. So, in the Urals, you can grow a large number of varieties of carrots without fear for the crop. However, it is not enough to choose the suitable variety - the crops should be properly looked after. Only taking into account the recommendations of agronomists, the Ural vegetable growers will be able to get a rich crop of root crops.