Detailed characteristics and features of growing Legenda apple
Among the apple varieties bred over the past several decades, the Legend is recognized as one of the best. Confirmation of this are the many positive reviews of gardeners. A neat tree is perfect for any type of garden. The article will describe the characteristic features of the variety, the methodology of cultivation, care and a number of other points.
Description and characteristics of the apple variety Legend
The variety was obtained in 1982 by crossing Brusnichnoye with the famous Japanese Fuji. Breeding work was carried out under the guidance of Professor Kichina V.V. With its qualitative characteristics, the daughter species exceeded the parental forms.
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The legend is ideal for cultivation in a temperate continental climate. The species is especially in demand in the Russian Federation - its cultivation regions are the Moscow Region, the Urals, Siberia, and the Leningrad Region.
Morphology of the tree and fruits
The tree is medium-sized, its height does not exceed 3 m. The branched part of the plant is quite compact, thickened, rounded. Shoots are rounded, differ in average size. The leaves are medium-sized, egg-shaped, intense green in color. The surface of the outside of the sheet is smooth, glossy.Large fruits have a conical shape. The skin is thin, yellow-green with a deep red blush all over the apple. The average weight of one fetus is 170 g, but samples weighing up to 200 g are also found. The subcutaneous part is tender, fine-grained. The color of the pulp is white with a slight olive tint. The fruit tastes sweet, caramel. The aroma is delicate and quite bright.
Pros and cons of the variety
- The benefits of Apple Legend include:
- excellent presentation of apples;
- high tasting characteristics;
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- immunity to most diseases to which fruit trees are susceptible;
- ability to adapt to climate conditions;
- excellent frost resistance.
Did you know? The homeland of the apple tree is considered the territory of modern Kazakhstan. The name of the capital of this country, Alma-Ata (Almaty), translates as “father of apples”. And on the Kok-Tyube mountain, a monument of marble dedicated to the apple was erected.
In the case of the variety under consideration, the presence of a pollinator is mandatory. The last can be any variety of autumn and winter apple trees. The growing season depends on the climate of the area. Flowering usually begins in May - at the beginning or middle of the month.The apple tree of the legendary variety is early-growing (it is also called early winter) - the first crop can be harvested already 2-3 years after planting a young tree in open ground. In full, the tree begins to bear fruit in 5 years. Fruits reach maturity in late September-October.
Frost resistance varieties
The legend shows incredible frost resistance. Even an annual tree is able to tolerate low temperatures, as well as their sharp fluctuations without negative consequences. The legend shows a high resistance to scab and other fungi and bacteria. However, resistance to a particular ailment is guaranteed only if the plant receives the required care.
The variety is characterized by rather high fruitfulness. If you follow the standard rules for the care of one plant, you can remove up to 100 kg of large, high-quality fruits.If you pay more attention to the apple tree, the yield may double.
Agriculture planting and further tree care
In order to grow a healthy representative of Legend cultivar in your garden, follow the agrotechnical rules.
Optimal timing and landing technology
Pay special attention to the selection of a young tree. Use only fresh planting material to be sure of a successful growing result. Carefully inspect the seedling, paying attention even to small defects. This tree prefers to grow on fertile loose soil (soddy or light loamy).
Pay attention to the depth of groundwater - they should not be too close to the surface. In addition, the place of future landing should be protected from strong winds. Regarding the timing of planting, it can be both spring (from the second half of April) and autumn (from the third decade of September to the beginning of October). Landing date may be adjusted depending on weather conditions.
Did you know? The area of all apple orchards on our planet is about 5 million hectares.
Variety Legenda is rather unpretentious, but illiterate landings can destroy all efforts, therefore, landings should be carried out according to proven technology:
- Dig a hole 75–80 cm deep and about 100 cm in diameter.
- Remove the topsoil and mix it with humus.
- To establish a future support in the middle of the depression, and place a seedling next to it, carefully filling it with prepared fertile soil. In this case, the transition zone from the root to the stem should be 5–6 cm above the soil surface.
- Thoroughly moisten the landing.
Watering and feeding
A young tree needs 2 buckets of water every 7–8 days, and an adult tree needs 4 buckets twice a month. In sultry summers, as well as during fruiting, the amount of water must be increased. An annual seedling is fed three times per season with urea or a saltpeter solution. In spring, a two-year-old plant is fertilized with nitrogen supplements, and in summer and autumn, phosphorus-potash.
Under a mature tree, mineral mixtures are introduced into the blooming phase. After harvesting, you need to pour in mineral phosphorus fertilizing (40-50 g of substance per bucket of water) under the plant.
Cropping and shaping the crown
The formation of the branched part of the tree should begin in the first year after planting. Proper formation consists in trimming the third part of all shoots.Apple tree pruning scheme. In a two-year-old specimen, the crown should be formed so that the branches are placed in 3 levels as a result. The purpose of pruning in subsequent years is to preserve the stem.
Important! For one procedure of pruning the crown, Legends cannot be removed more than a quarter of the branches.
Preparing a tree for wintering involves simple actions:
- harvesting mulching material from the tree trunk circle;
- removal of the dead part of the bark and whitewashing of the trunk with a special solution (clay, lime and vitriol are mixed in equal amounts with water);
- digging soil;
- the introduction of phosphorus-potassium nutrient mixtures to strengthen the rhizome.
Equally important for wintering is a slight moistening of the soil before harvesting. In order to protect against hares, the tree stamb is required to be covered with roofing material. And to keep the snow you need to lay chopped spruce branches near the trunk.
Video: how to prepare apple trees for winter
Diseases and Pests
Despite the good immunity of the culture to infections and harmful insects, infection from other trees growing in the garden is not excluded. For example, in the absence of preventive measures, the entire crop may spoil the moths. Processing the tree with Accord, Alfacin, or Fitoverm means will not allow parasites to attack the tree. Spraying should be carried out during the vegetative period.
If the apple plant is already infected with the moth, the Lepidocide biological product will help get rid of it. Processing should be carried out at the time of mass reproduction of the pest. In the rainy summer season, the apple tree risks falling ill with scab. To prevent this infection in the season of prolonged rains, you need to treat the tree with a fungicide (Bordeaux liquid, “Fitolavin” or “Nitrofen”).
So that the Legend always has a healthy appearance, do not neglect preventive measures:
- timely remove ripened fruits from the apple tree, as well as free the garden from the remains of vegetation;
- systematically prune diseased or dried branches;
- Do not forget about the processing of sections, cracks and other damages.
Harvesting and storage
The fruits are removed from the tree in September-October, on a warm, dry day. First of all, “southern” fruits are harvested, and after 2-3 days they go to the north side. Collection is carried out starting from the lower branches of the apple tree. Careful handling of apples during harvesting contributes to better preservation of the crop, so remove the fruit with the stalks. Do not twist or break fruit from branches. Put damaged apples immediately. And the scavenger is better not to be stored, but used for food purposes in the coming days.
Important! Legends taken from a tree cannot be kept outdoors or in the sun. Harvest must be immediately sorted out and put in storage.
To store fruit, prepare boxes made of wood, previously disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate and thoroughly dried in the sun. Put newspapers on the bottom of each box, then pour the fruit into them. As a storage, choose a dark, cool room where the temperature is not higher than +2 ... + 5 ° C and the humidity is between 85–95%. During storage, some apples may begin to deteriorate. Such specimens should be removed immediately to preserve the rest of the crop.Due to the thin, but dense skin, the fruits have excellent transportability - even after long-distance transport, the fruits do not lose their marketable qualities. And subject to storage conditions, apples retain all the beneficial properties for three months. So, from the foregoing, we can conclude that the apple tree varieties Legenda fully corresponds to its name. This is the best choice not only for experienced gardeners, but also for those who have recently started cultivating fruit trees.